Oral health refers to the health of the teeth, gums, and the entire oral-facial system that allows us to smile, speak, and chew. Some of the most common diseases that impact our oral health include cavities (tooth decay), gum (periodontal) disease, and oral cancer. (CDC)
Poor oral health is associated with other chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. Oral disease also is associated with risk behaviors such as using tobacco and consuming sugary foods and beverages.
Cavities (Tooth Decay)
Cavities are caused by a breakdown of the tooth enamel by acids produced by bacteria located in plaque that collects on teeth, especially along the gumline and in the crevices on the chewing surfaces of the teeth. Eating and drinking foods high in carbohydrates cause this bacteria to produce the acids that can cause the outer coating of the tooth (enamel) or root surface to break down (demineralize).
Tips to health oral care
- Get a good toothpaste with the right concentration of fluoride.
- Against popular beliefs of filling your brush with toothpaste, a pea-sized paste on your brush is quite right.
- Flossing are very necessary because plaque are sticky and hard to remove by water rinsing.
- Soft brush is recommended to facilitate brushing the gumline.
- Never rinse with water after brushing to avoid diluting the active fluoride.
- Do not use adult toothpaste for kids.
Note: Fluoride prevents tooth decay by making the enamel more resistant to the action of acids.
For more information: Talk to your pharmacist for personalized care.